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DEFINITION OF AREAS OF HORTICULTURE
AND OTHER AGRICULTURAL DISCIPLINES

 
Agriculture - ('agri' L. = field, 'cultura' L. = cultivation) - the science and technology of growing
                          and raising plants and animals.

AREAS OF AGRICULTURE
1) Forestry - the science and technology of culturing, utilizing and improving forest trees
                    and their products (ex. pulp, resins, oils, etc.).

2) Agronomy - the science and technology of culturing, utilizing and improving field crops (grain,
                       fiber and forage crops).

3) Horticulture - ('hortus' L. = garden, 'cultura' L. = cultivation) - the science, technology and art
                     of culturing, utilizing and improving fruit, vegetable, flowering and ornamental plants.

AREAS OF HORTICULTURE
1) Olericulture - vegetable culture and production

2) Pomology - fruit and nut culture and production

3) Ornamental Horticulture - plants grown for aesthetic uses, improvement of quality 
                    of life and our environment, and functional uses (ex: energy conservation).

AREAS OF ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE
1) Floriculture- flowering and foliage plant culture and production

2) Floristry- floral design and retail floristry operation

3) Nursery Production - tree, shrub and vine culture and production

4) Landscape Horticulture - exterior and interior design, construction and
                                            maintenance of landscapes

4) Turf - grasses for lawns, landscapes, sport facilities and golf courses (in Agronomy in
                many Universities).
CLASSICAL GUIDELINES FOR PLACEMENT OF A CROP IN 
HORTICULTURE, AGRONOMY OR FORESTRY
1) Intensity of Production - example strawberries vs. cotton

2) Purpose Crop is Grown - example oak or pecan trees in forest vs. landscape

3) Tradition or Custom - example sweet vs. field corn, or tobacco