pruning- removal of plant parts, branches, shoot tips, buds, roots, etc.
heavy drastic pruning of large limbs; should be avoided at all times;
thinning out - removal of branches back to their point of origin.
heading back - removal of the terminal portions of a branch.
pinching - removal of the young, succulent tips of shoots.
- removal of growth flushes on hedges or shrubs to shape canopy
disbudding - removal of excessive flower buds on flowering pot plants.
pruning of roots, usually with a shovel, to prepare plants for transplanting.
2) Maintain desired form
5) Increase productivity
6) Equalize root/shoot ratio
7) Develop strong branch framework